Weather Radar Infrastructure
During the last twenty years weather radars have become an integrated part of meteorological observing systems globally for specific applications as described in the applications section. Once an application or multiple applications are selected for the radar it becomes extremely important to locate radars in such a way as to optimally serve the applications. Many currently installed weather radars around the world are not located in optimal locations to provide quality data for different applications. ARC provides consultancy services to help countries conduct surveys to optimally locate their radars to fulfill specific needs for different applications. ARC has more than 40 years of experience helping countries to conduct surveys to optimally locate their radars.
In addition, depending on the specific applications ARC can also provide information on the optimal type of weather radar for that specific application or multiple applications. Because investing in a new weather radar is costly it is important that the need by the user is optimally fulfilled.
Integrated Meteorological Infrastructure
In addition, high quality observational data from weather radars, automatic weather stations, satellites and other observing systems are becoming ever more important to initialize numerical weather prediction models to improve the skill of weather forecasting. In specific applications such as hazardous weather around airports a combination of surface sensors and remote sensors provides for highly increased accuracy of warnings for hazardous weather around airports. ARC and NCAR have been working to provide integrated warnings using all these observing systems. In most countries in the world these systems operate independently. Base on these considerations it is important to approach the weather radar business in a holistic approach where data from different observing systems will be compatible and consistent to feed into models and warning systems.